In Morocco, national consultations were held in September 2017 with civil society and diaspora representivatives, scholars and researchers, represensatives of the private sector and public institutions. These national consultations have enabled Morocco to come with a consolidated contribution to the Global Compact, the "Recommendations of the Kingdom of Morocco on the Global Compact for Safe, Orderly and Regular Migration."
The Somali AgriFood Fund is a seed capital investment matching fund, which targets the succesful Somali diaspora in the United States, Canada, European Union and Australia, matching their interest to invest with small and medium enterprises in agribusiness in Somalia on fishing, agriculture, food processing, packaging, cold storage facilities, and livestock.
Through the crowdfunding platform 'Babyloan Mali', established by IFAD, Malians living in Europe can invest in microentreprises or agro-business opportunities in the rural areas of Mali. Babyloan identifies good business plans for the development of microentreprises, and matches them with diaspora members and organizations in France keen to invest in their home country, through the intermediation of Malian microfinance institutions.
Madagascar has created a Directorate in charge of Diaspora within the Ministry of Foreign Affairs. The first initiative of this directorate was to carry out a profiling of diaspora members in France, which hosts the majority of migrants from Madagascar. The government of Madagascar also organized the first forum on Diaspora, to uncover the activities of the Malagasy diaspora, and to them in contact with civil society organization with which they can work and create synergies.
San Francisco has set up a varied legal framework in order to be a city of inclusion for migrants. Primarily, based on the principle that migrants have a right to justice regardless of their migratory stats, and that migrants should have access to basic services, in 1989 San Francisco passed the "City and Country of Refuge" Ordinance (also known as the Sanctuary Ordinance).
The independent, not-for-profit organization 'Permits Foundation' campaigns to improve work permit regulations in countries around the world to make it easier for partners of expatriate staff to work in their country of temporary residence. According to the Permits Foundation, allowing the partners of highly skilled employees associated with international business, investment and development to work creates a 'triple win' for host countries, employers and migrant families.
In 2014, Mexico updated its laws, incorporating the norms of the Convention on the Rights of the Child, directly prohibiting immigration detention of children. This step forward for children and migrants rights necessitated a need to look for ways to implement alternatives to detention for immigrant children in Mexico. To do this, Mexico has established a national working group bringing together all releveant implementers - including child right authorities, CSOs, goverrnment departments, and UN Agencies.
The Somos Mexicanos ('We are Mexicans') program provides support to members of the Mexican diaspora who choose or are forced to return to Mexico. An initiative of the Mexican Ministry of the Interior beginning in 2014, the program includes support on food and health, identity, communication to families, transfer and shelter. It also seeks to maximize the productive reintegration of returnees, providing guidance on job opportunities, access to socail programs, and options to continue studies.
Sri Lanka is one of the South Asian countries which is negatively affected by the climate change. This includes natural disasters such as flood, earth slips, cyclones and droughts etc. These unexpected and unforeseen disasters not only dislocate the people from their dwellings but also make a significant negative impact on their livelihood.
The Republic of Mauritius (ROM) is highly vulnerable to adverse impacts of climate change and climate variability. According to the World Risk Report 2016, Mauritius is ranked 13th among countries with highest disaster risk and ranked 7th as most exposed to natural hazards (UNU& EHS, 20 16). Mauritius has developed a Climate Change Action Plan for addressing these threats. One important national consequence of exposure to disaster and environmental degradation is the impact on the migration of people.
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